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The Fine Structure Constant

   

 

 
    Table 1    
      force per
    CLF model   unit of
Force (Fl) mass (m) radius surface surface
particle constant MeV  x 10-15 m area area
(Fl=2rm) (m=Fl/2r) (2r = Fl/m) (4πr2) (Fl/2)/area
(a) (b) ('c) (d) (e) (f)
e 2.879929534 0.51099892 2.817941 99.7869287 0.014430395
u 2.879929534 2.75 0.523624 3.445473801 0.417929391
d 2.879929534 6 0.239994 0.723786757 1.989487586
         
0.417929391 divided by 0.0144304= 28.96174357  
1.989487586 divided by 1.0144304= 137.8678565  
137.8678565 minus 2 x 0.417929391 = 137.0319977
Fine structure constant =      137.036000
      difference 0.004002
 

Table 1 shows the cause of the Fine Structure Constant (which, at present, is considered to be dimensionless); but the CLF model shows that it is the ratio of the surface forces. The difference between experimental value and CLF predicted value is probably due to a difference between the mass values of the experimental and predicted particles.